- Article Databases
- Primary Sources
- Sr. Paper
Use these to find articles, essays, book reviews, conference papers and more in scholarly journals and magazines. Some databases may include book chapters;
some now include web site links with abstracts (click "Web" tab above).
- Multidisciplinary index with article abstracts from 11,900+ journals. Full text of 7,900+ periodicals,
with 6,800+ peer-reviewed journals.
- American Heart Association Journals
- Full text of subscribed-to journals only. To access the full text, click "Home" to the right of the desired title and then click "Archives."
- Provides indexing and free text of peer-reviewed journal articles related to biology and medicine. Free on the Web More...
Plus with Full Text
- Consumer Health Complete
- Consumer-oriented health content; full text for 200+ health reference books and encyclopedias. (not integrated with other EBSCO databases) More...
- Health Sciences
- A full-text collection of social studies of health, public policy, health services & administration, health education, and community/public health
nursing. SAGE More...
- Health Source:
- Health Source:
- Full text of selected nursing journals; access to tables of contents, citations, abstracts, and references of hundreds of scientific, technical, and
medical journals. Ovid More...
- MedLine with Full Text
- PubMed Central
- Access to the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature. Free
on the Web More...
- Science Direct Databases (Health & Life
- Full-text scientific database with articles from 2,500+ peer-reviewed journals and book chapters from 14,000+ book titles. Covers science, technology
and medicine. Includes authoritative titles from the core scientific literature.
Notes: User Guide with step-by-step instructions
and illustrations (pdf, 12 pages) • Quick
Reference Guide (pdf, 8 pages) • Image Searching: Quick
Start, Search Tips • Customizing • Multimedia
Components • Tutorial Menu • More...
with Full Text
- 520+ full text sports and sports medicine journals. EBSCO
HPER - Statistics
Why include statistics?
Depending upon the type of paper you are writing, statistics may add significance, importance, and/or interest. Relevant statistics may support the
reason why you chose the topic or indicate to the reader why they should read your paper.
Where to look?
To find statistics, use relevant terms and search all types of resources including statistical sources like those listed below.
- • Reference Publications
- Statistical Abstract of the United States - Print copy,
- • Web Sites
- Listed below are examples of sites that may publish authoritative statistical data and information in journals and on the Web. Sample searches
are also provided.
Data and Statistics (USA.gov)
Spotlight on Statistics: Sports and Exercise (Bureau of Labor Statistics)
Search Suggestion: your concept(s) AND site:.gov
Organization and Association sites
American Diabetes Association http://www.diabetes.org/
National Athletic Trainers' Association http://www.nata.org/
· Game Injury Rate All Years, By Sport
· Practice Injury
Rate All Years, By Sport
Sample Search : your concept AND statistic AND (association OR organization)
Health, Nutrition and Sports sites
CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) http://www.cdc.gov/
National Institutes of Health (NIH) http://www.nih.gov/
National Library of Medicine (NLM) http://www.nlm.nih.gov/
· All Fact Sheets by Subject
· All Fact Sheets Listed Alphabetically
Mayo Clinic http://www.mayoclinic.com/
- • ORU Databases - General and Subject Specific
- Use the subject index or thesaurus to browse
your topic, find related terms and identify terms to narrow and/or expand your topic.
Suggested search terms: percent,
data, statistic*, etc.
- • ORU Journals - Specific Titles or Subject Related
- Go to the Journals List and type a subject or keyword to get a list of journals. Select a journal title. Search your topic within a journal. Or, browse
the journal table of contents for reports, surveys and research project.
What to search?
Consider your thesis and identify the key terms. Then, add terms
that identify statistical data. For detailed strategies and suggested search terms see the library guide How to Find
SR. PAPER STUDENTS
If statistics must be within a date range then specify or limit the dates. For example, when searching
the Web include the dates in your search query, such as (2010
or 2011 or 2012). Most databases and the advanced search in search engines allow you to limit to specific dates.
Be alert! Statistics, especially within government web
sites and scholarly articles, may be based on primary sources such as reports, reviews, studies, etc. So, as you gather your statistical information, identify
and then find any relevant primary source documents.
Use the information you have and keywords relevant to actual research or study
to find the primary source documents. For example, you may need to search using the researcher name(s), the name
of the study, the place where the study or research was conducted, and/or some of the statistical outcome data. If a place of publication is identified, try
to find that. For example, if the research/study/report was published in a journal, search the A-to-Z Journals list for the journal title. Once you locate
the journal, search for the re
SR. PAPER STUDENTS
Example--From a topic to a primary source document.
A research paper on sports and exercise
and the effect on a person's health.
Evaluate your needs.
Useful statistics for this topic may include:
--the percentage of people involved in sports
--the percentage or people who participate in exercise activities
--the increase of involvement in sports or exercise activities over the past five years
--the most popular exercise activity
--age groups of those engaged in sports or exercise activities
2. Search the web, statistical books, etc.
One web result is The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Spotlight on Statistics: "Sports and Exercise?" (shown
3. Look for references to primary sources.
Paragraph two of the web page "Sports and Exercise" content (shown below) identifies that the data came from the American
Time Use Survey, which is the primary source.
Find the primary source document.
Try a web search for the American Time Use Survey. On the web pages for this survey,
the FAQ's section provides answers for or related to the five questions that
you should ask about a primary source.
HPER - Primary Sources
Primary source documents are original materials,
such as an original study or research project. They are from the event or time period involved and provide an account of "how it was" without analysis,
commentary, editing, or interpretation.
SR. PAPER STUDENTS
How to identify primary sources
Your primary sources should answer the following five questions:
- Who did the study, report, or research? (individuals, organizations, etc.)
- Who or what was studied?
- What questions did the author ask? (purpose)
- What did the author do to answer the question? (method)
- What was the answer to the author's questions? (results)
Provided by Professor Scarlet Jost
Secondary sources--articles, web pages, interviews, statistical data, etc.-- are accounts written after the
fact and interpret primary sources. A secondary source may be a discussion of or commentary on primary source events with hindsight. They may explain, report,
review, or evaluate primary source events.
SR. PAPER STUDENTS
As you begin your research keep in mind that primary sources such as studies and reports, are often referred to in journal articles, on association
Web pages, in fact sheets, and more. As you review resources such as articles, documents, and web pages, look for references to "studies," research," etc.
then use the information you find to get the primary source.
Examples: The articles below were found on the Web and may refer to one or more primary
If the article refers to a primary source, can you find it?
How to Find a Primary Source Document
you have some information about a report or study:
- Identify and record as much information as possible (i.e., study name, researchers, organization or university)
- Use the information and query a relevant ORU database, the A-to-Z
Journals List or the search engine to find, and then get the primary source.
- Follow the links to the full text (if available).
If no full text is available at ORU, request the item through interlibrary loan.
If you do NOT have any information about a specific report or study, and want to search for primary sources on your topic:
- Access a relevant database, OneSearch, or search engine.
- Query your
topic and other
relevant terms that identify primary sources.
your topic AND (research OR study) AND university
your topic AND "focus of the study"
your topic AND "purpose of this study
your concept 1 AND your concept 2 AND (study or report)
women AND exercise AND motivation AND (study or report)
HPER - Periodicals & eJournals
A-to-Z Journals List (journals, magazines, trade publications, etc.)
Sample Journal Titles by Subject
Human Anatomy ~21
Health Sciences & Biology journals grouped
by subject. (Choose a subject, and then select from the title list.)
For general information see: Find...Periodicals (Journals, Magazines, etc.)
HPER - Websites
Remember to always evaluate the your sources.
- To find authoritative information on the Web try searching association Web sites:
- type your topic and association or organization.
- For government sites, limit the search results to government sites:
- type your topic and site:.gov
- For research on recreational programs try to locate professional association and organization websites, such as the YMCA.net or MBL.com.
- Selected Sites
Time Use Survey--Charts by Topic: Leisure and sports activities (Bureau of Labor Statistics) http://www.bls.gov/tus/charts/LEISURE.HTM
- Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (formerly the American Dietetic Association) http://www.eatright.org/
- American College of Sports Medicine http://www.acsm.org/
- American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists http://www.acog.org/
- American Diabetes Association http://www.diabetes.org/
- American Heart Association http://heart.org/HEARTORG/
- American Lung Association http://www.lung.org/
- CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) >http://www.cdc.gov/
- Exercise is Medicine http://www.exerciseismedicine.org/
- Healthy People 2020 http://healthypeople.gov/2020/default.aspx
- Joslin Diabetes Center http://www.joslin.org/
- Mayo Clinic http://www.mayoclinic.com/
- National Athletic Trainers' Association http://www.nata.org/
- National Heart Lung and Blood Institute http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/
- National Institutes of Health http://nih.gov/
- National Library of Medicine (NLM) http://www.nlm.nih.gov/
- National Strength and Conditioning Association http://www.nsca-lift.org/Home/
- National Weight control Registry http://www.nwcr.ws/
- Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans: 2008 http://www.nwcr.ws/
- Sports and Exercise: BLS Spotlight
on Statistics -- (Bureau of Labor Statistics)
- United States Department of Agriculture MyPlate http://www.choosemyplate.gov/
- WebMD http://www.webmd.com/
- ipl2 Subject Directory
Provide groups of selective websites, categorized by subject. http://www.ipl.org/div/subject/
- ipl2: Health and Medical Sciences
ipl2: Resources by Subject
HPER - Sr. Paper Students
Be alert! As you research,
continue to add relevant terms to your search query. Consider alternative terms, abbreviations, narrower terms, broader
terms and related terms that can be identified in the subject descriptors, database thesaurus and/or article abstracts.
- Steps in A Senior Paper Article Review (PDF)
- Provided by Professor Scarlet Jost.
- Interlibrary Loan (ILL)
- Contact ILL at 918-495-7377 or LibILL@oru.edu.
Interlibrary Loan Request Form
- Be certain to determine that the ORU Library does not own the item you need BEFORE requesting it through interlibrary loan.
- Some items are available nearby; others may take
a week or more to obtain from out-of-state.
- The $2.00 per item ILL request fee for students is waived after you attend the sr. paper LIBBI.
- You will receive an email when your item(s) is ready to pick up. (Some journal articles are available from lending libraries in PDF format and can be emailed directly to
- Pick up your items at the circulation desk.
A comprehensive meta search across ALL information platforms available at ORU. Search multiple databases simultaneously. Select databases to search by title or