- Primary Sources
- Sr. Paper
Use these databases to find scholarly articles, research reports, essays, and more. Some databases may
include book chapters, book reviews, web site links with abstracts and other media types.
- Academic Search Complete
- American Heart Association Journals
- Full text of subscribed-to journals only. To access the full text, click "Home" to the right of the desired title and then click "Archives."
- BioMedCentral Free on the Web
- Provides indexing and free full text of peer-reviewed journal articles related to biology and medicine. More...
Plus with Full Text
- Consumer Health Complete
- Consumer-oriented health content; full text for 200+ health reference books and encyclopedias. (not integrated with other EBSCO databases) More...
- Health Sciences
- A full-text collection of social studies of health, public policy, health services & administration, health education, and community/public health
nursing. SAGE More...
- Health Source:
- Health Source:
- Full text of selected nursing journals; access to citations, abstracts, tables of contents, and references of hundreds of scientific, technical, and
medical journals. Ovid More...
- MedLine with Full Text
- PLOS ONE Open Access
- "...features reports of original research from all disciplines within science and medicine." More... (Indexed in Academic Search Complete, PubMed Central and several other databases, so it can be searched in a database or independently.)
- PubMed Central
- Access to the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature. Free
on the Web More...
- Science Direct Databases (Health & Life
- Full-text scientific database with articles from 2,500+ peer-reviewed journals and book chapters from 14,000+ book titles. Covers science, technology
and medicine. Includes authoritative titles from the core scientific literature.
Notes: User Guide with step-by-step instructions
and illustrations (pdf, 12 pages) • Quick
Reference Guide (pdf, 8 pages) • Image Searching: Quick
Start, Search Tips • Customizing • Multimedia
Components • Tutorial Menu • More...
with Full Text
- 520+ full text sports and sports medicine journals. EBSCO
Click the to link to the vendor's database descriptions.
|OneSearch - The EBSCO Integrated Search Interface|
Why include statistics?
Depending upon the type of paper you are writing, statistics may add significance, importance, and/or interest. Relevant statistics may support the
reason why you chose the topic or indicate to the reader why they should read your paper.
Where to look?
To find statistics, use relevant terms and search all types of resources including statistical sources like those listed below. Government and associations or organizations may publish authoritative statistical
data and information in journals and on the Web that may list or identify primary sources, such as a study.
Government Publications and Web Sites
Search Suggestion: your concept(s) AND site:.gov
Organization and Association Publication and Web Sites
Search Suggestion: your concept AND statistic AND (association OR organization)
Health, Nutrition and Sports Web Sites
ORU Databases - General and Subject Specific
Suggested search terms: percent, data, statistic*, etc.
Use the subject index or thesaurus to browse
your topic, find related terms and identify terms to narrow and/or expand your topic.
ORU Journals - Specific Titles or Subject Related
Go to the Journals List and type
a subject or keyword to get a list of journals. Select a journal title. Search your topic within a journal. Or, browse the journal table of contents for
reports, surveys and research project.
What to search?
Consider your thesis and identify the key terms. Then, add terms
that identify statistical data. For detailed strategies and suggested search terms see the library guide How to Find
SR. PAPER STUDENTS - Are there date restrictions for your sources?
If statistics must be within a date range then specify or limit the dates. For example, when searching
the Web include the dates in your search query, such as (2010
or 2011 or 2012). Most databases and the advanced search in search engines allow you to limit to specific dates.
Be alert! Statistics, especially within government web
sites and scholarly articles, may be based on primary sources such as reports, reviews, studies, etc. So, as you gather your statistical information, identify
and then find any relevant primary source documents.
Use the information you have and keywords relevant to actual research or a
study to find the primary source documents. For example, you may need to search using the researcher name(s), the name
of the study, the place where the study or research was conducted, and/or some of the statistical outcome data. If a place of publication is identified, try
to find that. For example, if the research/study/report was published in a journal, search the A-to-Z Journals list for the journal title. Once you locate
the journal, search for the re
SR. PAPER STUDENTS
Example--From a topic to a primary source document.
A research paper on sports and exercise
and the effect on a person's health.
Evaluate your needs.
Useful statistics for this topic may include:
--the percentage of people involved in sports
--the percentage or people who participate in exercise activities
--the increase of involvement in sports or exercise activities over the past five years
--the most popular exercise activity
--age groups of those engaged in sports or exercise activities
2. Search the web, statistical books, etc.
One web result is The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Spotlight on Statistics: "Sports and Exercise?" (shown
3. Look for references to primary sources.
Paragraph two of the web page "Sports and Exercise" content (shown below) identifies that the data came from the American
Time Use Survey, which is the primary source.
Find the primary source document.
Try a web search for the American Time Use Survey. On the web pages for this survey,
the FAQ's section provides answers for or related to the five questions that
you should ask about a primary source.
Library Research Guide: How to Find Statistics
Primary source documents are original materials,
such as an original study or research project. They are from the event or time period involved and provide an account of "how it was" without analysis,
commentary, editing, or interpretation.
SR. PAPER STUDENTS - How to identify primary sources
Your sources should answer the following five questions:
- Who did the study, report, or research? (individuals, organizations, etc.)
- Who or what was studied?
- What questions did the author ask? (purpose)
- What did the author do to answer the question? (method)
- What was the answer to the author's questions? (results)
Provided by Professor Scarlet Jost
In databases and on the Web, to search for, and find, a report or study on your topic:
Key in your topic(s) and other relevant terms that identify primary sources.
your topic AND (research OR study) AND university
your topic AND "focus of the study"
your topic AND "purpose of this study"
your concept 1 AND your concept 2 AND (study or report)
women AND exercise AND motivation AND (study or report)
Secondary sources--articles, web pages, interviews, statistical data, etc.-- are accounts written after the fact and interpret
primary sources. A secondary source may be a discussion of or commentary on primary source events with hindsight. They may explain, report, review, or evaluate
primary source events.
SR. PAPER STUDENTS
As you begin your research keep in mind that primary sources such as studies and reports, are often referred to in journal articles, on association
Web pages, in fact sheets, and more. As you review resources such as articles, documents, and web pages, look for references to "studies," research," etc.
then use the information you find to get the primary source.
Examples: Several secondary sources are listed below. If they refer to one or more primary source, can you find the full text of the primary source(s)?
How to find a primary source (report, study or published research) if you have "some" information about a report or study:
- Identify and record as much information as possible (i.e., study name, researchers, organization or university)
- Use the information and query a relevant ORU database, the A-to-Z
Journals List or the search engine to find, and then get the primary source.
- Follow the links to the full text (if available).
If no full text is available at ORU, request the item through interlibrary loan.
HPER - Periodicals & eJournals
- A-to-Z Journals List (journals, magazines, trade publications,
- Sample Journals by Subject:
- Human Anatomy ~21
Health Sciences & Biology journals
grouped by subject. (Choose a subject, and then select from the title list.)
- Sample List of Individual Titles:
- Journal of Applied Physiology http://jap.physiology.org/
of Leisure Research (professor suggested)
of Science and Medicine in Sports (professor suggested)
- Journal of Sports Sciences (professor suggested)
- Physician and Sportsmedicine (professor suggested)
- The Sports Journal http://www.thesportjournal.org/
Published quarterly on the Web by United States Sports Academy.
- For general information see: Find...Periodicals (Journals, Magazines, etc.)
Remember to always evaluate the your sources.
- To find authoritative information on the Web try searching association Web sites:
- type your topic and association or organization.
- For government sites, limit the search results to government sites:
- type your topic and site:.gov
- For research on recreational programs try to locate professional association and organization websites, such as the YMCA.net or MBL.com.
- Selected Sites
- American Time Use Survey--Charts by Topic: Leisure and sports activities (Bureau
of Labor Statistics) http://www.bls.gov/tus/charts/LEISURE.HTM
- Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (formerly the American Dietetic Association) http://www.eatright.org/
- American College of Sports Medicine http://www.acsm.org/
- American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists http://www.acog.org/
- American Diabetes Association http://www.diabetes.org/
- American Heart Association http://heart.org/HEARTORG/
- American Lung Association http://www.lung.org/
- CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) >http://www.cdc.gov/
- Exercise is Medicine http://www.exerciseismedicine.org/
- Healthy People 2020 http://healthypeople.gov/2020/default.aspx
- Joslin Diabetes Center http://www.joslin.org/
- Mayo Clinic http://www.mayoclinic.com/
- National Athletic Trainers' Association http://www.nata.org/
- National Heart Lung and Blood Institute http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/
- National Institutes of Health http://nih.gov/
- National Library of Medicine (NLM) http://www.nlm.nih.gov/
- National Strength and Conditioning Association http://www.nsca-lift.org/Home/
- National Weight control Registry http://www.nwcr.ws/
- Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans: 2008 http://www.nwcr.ws/
- Spirituality, Medicine & Health Bibliography http://people.bu.edu/wwildman/smhbib/
- Sports and Exercise:
BLS Spotlight on Statistics -- (Bureau of Labor Statistics)
- United States Department of Agriculture: MyPlate http://www.choosemyplate.gov/
- WebMD http://www.webmd.com/
- ipl2 Subject Directory
Provide groups of selective websites, categorized by subject. http://www.ipl.org/div/subject/
- ipl2: Health and Medical Sciences
ipl2: Resources by Subject
HPER - Sr. Paper Students
Be alert! As
you research, continue to add relevant terms to your search:
- Consider alternative terms, abbreviations, narrower terms,
broader terms and related terms.
- Use subject descriptors, database thesauri and article abstracts to identify additional terms and ideas.
- Watch for references to research, reports and (or) studies, which will point you to primary source documents.
Steps in A Senior Paper Article Review (PDF) by Professor Scarlet Jost
Interlibrary Loan (ILL)
Contact ILL at 918-495-7377 or LibILL@oru.edu.
Interlibrary Loan Request Form
- Determine that the ORU Library does not own the item you need BEFORE requesting it through interlibrary loan.
- Some items are available nearby; others may take a week or more to obtain from out-of-state.
- The $2.00 per item ILL request fee for students is waived
after you attend the sr. paper LIBBI.
- You will receive an email when your item(s) is ready to pick up. (Some journal articles are available from lending
libraries in PDF format and can be emailed directly to you.)
- Pick up your items at the circulation desk.
- Submit only one request form for each article. (Note:
The form is submitted each time the submit button is used, regardless of whether the "required
fields" have been completed.
- After submitting a request, check your ORU email for the confirmation, which includes the
A comprehensive meta search across ALL information platforms available at ORU. Search multiple databases simultaneously. Select databases to
search by title or subject group(s).