- Find a Topic
- Tractate Chart/ Abbreviations
- Writing the Citation
Babylonian Talmud - About
“The Hebrew word Talmud means study or learning. The Babylonian Talmud is a collection
of study teachings based upon the Hebrew Bible and oral commentaries of Jewish learning. The six major divisions of the Talmud are derived from
the Mishnah or oral Torah. The Gemara section of the Talmud explains the Mishnah. The Talmud incorporates teachings from
the Jewish sages who lived from the second Temple period until the time of the Amoraim in the fifth century. Most of the Rabbis cited in the Talmud lived
from 20 B.C.to 450 A.D.”
-- Dr. Brad Young
The Babylonian Talmud is shelved
in the Reference collection, LRC-4th floor, call number BM500.E57
The Talmud has six divisions. In the
call number, each division is identified by a Section number. For example, the call number for the First Division, Seder Zera’im, includes "Sec. 1". Click
the Tractate Chart/Abbreviations
tab above for a defined listing of the tractates (books).
Zera’im - First Division (look for "Sec. 1" in the call number)
- Seder Mo’ed
- Second Division (look for "Sec. 2" in the call number)
- Seder Nashim - Third Division (look for "Sec. 3" in the call number)
- Seder Nezikin - Fourth Division (look for "Sec. 4" in the call number)
- Seder Kodashim - Fifth Division (look for "Sec. 5" in the call number)
- Seder Tohoroth - Sixth Division (look for "Sec. 6" in the call number)
For more information see "Talmud,
Babylonian." (Encyclopaedia Judaica )
Babylonian Talmud (translated by Michael L. Rodkinson)
- Provided by Internet Sacred Text Archive.
Talmud - Indexes
Use and index to locate information in the Talmud for
a topic, term, scripture reference, or rabbinical reference..
Within the print volumes of the Babylonian
Talmud, indexes are found in two places: 1)
at the end of the entire set as a cumulative index and 2) often at the end of each tractate as an index for the individual tractate.
Called the “Keys
to the Talmud,” the cumulative indexes are are in two volumes located at the end of the entire set. Use them to find subjects, scriptures, and rabbinical
references within the various tractates of the Talmud.
Vol. I — Includes the “General Index” and several
Vol. II — Contains the “Index of Scriptural References,” “Rabbinical Index,” “Glossary,” and “Transliteration
of Hebrew Letters.”
- Individual Tractate Indexes
Each tractate contains its own glossary, abbreviations, and indices for scriptural
references, general terms, and Rabbis. The tractate index is found at the end
of each tractate, located in the middle of the volume between the English and Hebrew.
When tractates make up two and three volumes, the "tractate" index will be found in the last volume of that tractate. For example,
the tractate index for "Baba Bathra," which is three volumes,
is in Vol. III of Baba Bathra.
- WebShas: Alphabetical Index of Topics
Designed as a topical index to the Talmud.
Follow the steps below to locate your topic in the Talmud.
- Get the cumulative index books, which are the last two volumes of the Babylonian Talmud
set, call #BM500.E57 LRC-R.
- Choose an index (general, Scriptural References, Rabbinical, etc.). A good place to start is with
the "General Index," found in
to the Talmud, Vol. I.
|Go to the
General Index, p. 333. to look up "purple."
- Look up your term, and then record the tractate name(s) and page number(s).
| The entry is: Purple,
Yeb. 14, San. 52.
blue, BB. 292f, 295
- Locate the tractate on the shelf.
Use the Alphabetical Abbreviation Index to identify the tractate abbreviations, and then the tractate chart
to identify its position within the 64-volume set. (Click the Tractate Chart tab above.)
|Yeb. 14 = Yebamoth, p. 14
San. 52 = Sanhedrin, p. 52
BB. 292f, 295 = Baba Bathra, p. 292f and 295
Baba Bathra is the 3rd tractate in the 4th Division so on the shelf, look for "Sec. 4, Pt. 3" in the call #.
- Find the page. Numbering at the top outer corner is the folio and side identification; numbering at the bottom center
is standard pagination. The
latter is used to find references from the index, while the former is used for the citation. If a tractate has more than one volume the
pagination will be continuous from one volume to the next.
|Baba Bathra is in three volumes. Look for 292 (vol. 2), which is the standard pagination.
--73b-74a. is the Folio and side number.
|Talmud - Tractate Chart/ Abbreviations
The chart below is arranged according to tractates (books) as they appear on the shelf. Use it to identify abbreviations* then locate the tractates on the
||PEAH (Zeraim, Vol. I)
||DEMAI (Zeraim, Vol. I)
||Produce not certainly tithed
||KILAYIM (Zeraim, Vol. I)
||SHEBIITH (Zeraim, Vol. I)
||The Seventh Year
||TERUMOTH (Zeraim, Vol. II)
||MAASEROTH (Zeraim, Vol. II)
|Ma'as S. or M.Sh.
||MAASER SHENI (Zeraim, Vol. II)
|Hall. or Hal.
||HALLAH (Zeraim, Vol. II)
|'Orl. or 'Or.
||ORLAH (Zeraim, Vol. II)
||The Fruit of Young Trees
||BIKKURIM (Zeraim, Vol. II)
|| SHABBATH (Vol. I, II, III)
||ERUBIN (Vol. I, II, III)
||The Fusion of Sabbath limits
||PESAHIM (Vol. I, II)
||Feast of Passover
||SHEKALIM (with Megillah)
||The Shekel Dues
||YOMA (Vol. I, II)
||The Day of Atonement
||The Feast of Tabernacles
|Betz. or Bez.
|R. Sh. or R. H.
||Feast of the New Year
|Ta', or Ta'an, or Taan.
||Days of Fasting
||The Scroll of Esther
|M. Kat. or M. K.
|| Mid-Festival Days
||The Festal Offering
||YEBAMOTH (Vol. I, II, III)
|Ket. or Keth.
||KETHUBOTH (Vol. I, II, III)
|Ned. or Neda.
||The Suspected Adulteress
|Gitt. or Git.
||GITTIN (Vol. I, II)
||Bills of Divorce
|Kidd. or Kid.
||KIDDUSHUIN (Vol. I, II)
||BABA KAMMA (Vol. I, II)
||The First Gate
||BABA MEZIA (Vol. I, II)
||The Middle Gate
||BABA BATHRA (Vol. I, II, III)
||The Last Gate
||SANHEDRIN (Vol. I, II)
|Makk. or Mak.
|Eduy. or Ed.
|'A.Z. or A. Zar.
||'ABODAH ZARA (Vol. I, II)
||ZEBAHIM (Vol. I, II)
||MENAHOTH (Vol. I, II)
|Hull. or 'ul.
||HULLIN (Vol. I, II)
||Animals killed for food
|Bekh. or Bek.
|Arak. or 'Ar.
||Vows of valuation
||The Substituted Offering
|Meil. or Me'il.
||The Daily Whole offering
|Midd. or Mid.
|Kinn. or Kin.
||The Bird offering
||KELIM (Tohoroth, Vol. I)
||OHOLOTH (Tohoroth, Vol. I)
||NEGA'IM (Tohoroth, Vol. I)
||PARAH (Tohoroth, Vol. II)
||The Red Heifer
||TOHOROTH (Tohoroth, Vol. II)
|Mikw. or Mik.
||MIKWAOTH (Tohoroth, Vol. II)
|Nid. or Nidd.
|Maksh. or Maks.
||MAKSHIRIN (Tohoroth, Vol. II)
||ZABIM (Tohoroth, Vol. II)
||They that suffer a flux
|Teb. Y. or T. Y.
||TEBUL YOM (Tohoroth, Vol. II)
||He that immersed himself that day
||YADAYIM (Tohoroth, Vol. II)
|Utkz., 'Uk., or 'Ukz.
||'UKZIN (Tohoroth, Vol. II)
|Nidd. or Nid.
| Keys to the Talmud, Vol. I-General Index
Keys to the Talmud, Vol. II-Scriptural References, Rabbinical Index
* Some abbreviations are taken from The Mishnah: Translated from the Hebrew with Introduction and Brief Explanatory Notes by
Herbert Danby, Oxford University Press.
1 To locate a division on the shelf, look
for a corresponding section number (Sec.) in the call number.
are variants in the abbreviations.
3 Each tractate is identified on the call number as a
part ("Pt."). Shorter tractates may be combined in a volume; longer
tractates may have more than one volume
|Talmud - How to Write the Citation
Citations for Talmud entries are unique and follow the general rules below. For example, the citation b. B. B. 73b-74a is for Baba
Bathra, page 292 of the Babylonian Talmud.
Use the folio and side a or b numbering (upper outside corners).
Numbering for tractate pages is not taken from the standard pagination at the bottom, such as page 292. (Click the Find a Topic tab above to see
how to find the sample entry used in these examples.)
When citing page 292 use 73b-74a.
Use abbreviations for the tractate names.
See The Babylonian Talmud: Alphabetical Tractate Index (pdf) for abbreviations.
When citing "Baba Bathra" use B. B.
To distinguish versions of the Talmudic tractates use abbreviations: y. for Jerusalem and b. for Babylonian.
When citing Babylonian Talmud (b), use b.
Note: This guide is provided to assist you. Always follow your professor's requirements and the appropriate print style manual guidelines
when writing citation.